张弥曼,又一位突破“玻璃天花板”的女科学家|亚博网页版登录

本文摘要:Forty years ago, when Marilyn Loden, then 31 and a manager at a telephone company, made a speech at the 1978 Women’s Exposition, she didn’t know that a phrase she came up with on that day would still be alive after all these years. “It seemed to me there was an invisible barrier to advancement that people didn’t recognize,” Loden said at the expo when talking about how hard it was for women to climb the career ladder. And that barrier, according to her, could all be boiled down to one phrase – “glass ceiling”.四十年前,当初31岁的公司传真主管玛莉莲·洛登在1978年的女性展览会上发言时,她并不了解自身那一天常说的一个语句到现如今还被频烦用以。

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Forty years ago, when Marilyn Loden, then 31 and a manager at a telephone company, made a speech at the 1978 Women’s Exposition, she didn’t know that a phrase she came up with on that day would still be alive after all these years. “It seemed to me there was an invisible barrier to advancement that people didn’t recognize,” Loden said at the expo when talking about how hard it was for women to climb the career ladder. And that barrier, according to her, could all be boiled down to one phrase – “glass ceiling”.四十年前,当初31岁的公司传真主管玛莉莲·洛登在1978年的女性展览会上发言时,她并不了解自身那一天常说的一个语句到现如今还被频烦用以。“对我来说,在行驶全过程中也许有一道隐型阻碍,而大家并没意识到这一点,”洛登在大会上谈起女性在岗位上获得升职之艰难时曾这般说。而她强调,那道阻碍可以用一个语句来描述 —— “玻璃天花板”。Since then, there have been major advances in gender equality. We’ve seen women achieving bigger and bigger things in cinema, education, politics and even business. But sadly, there’s one field that’s still run mainly by men: science.从那时起,性別公平公正得到 了很多转型。

大家看到女性在电影产业、培训业、政治界乃至商业界都得到 了更为大的造就。但心寒的是,仍有一个行业被男士核心:科学界。That’s why it was inspiring when Zhang Miman, 82, a professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, was given a L’Oreal-UNESCO For Women in Science award on March 22.也更是因而,82岁的我国科学院工程院院士张弥曼在3月22日荣获薇女坊-联合国教科文组织“全球非凡女科学家荣誉奖”时,这一信息才越来越更加振奋人心。Zhang was honored for the discoveries she made on the process of human evolution. And she is the fifth Chinese female scientist to receive this award in its 20-year history of celebrating the achievements of women around the world.张弥曼以其在科学研究人们演变中的寻找而得到 此奖。

该荣誉奖夸奖了全世界女性所得到 的造就,在其二十年的历史时间中,张弥曼是第五位得到 此殊荣的中国女科学家。According to China Daily, the number of women working in science around the world has increased by 12 percent in the past 20 years. But even so, the glass ceiling is still there. Indeed, less than 30 percent of researchers are women, and only 3 percent of Nobel prizes for science have been awarded to women.据《中国日报》报道,过去的二十年间,全世界主要从事科学工作中的女性总数持续增长了12%。但即便如此,玻璃天花板依然不会有。

实际上,女性科学研究工作人员的总数匮乏30%,而仅有3%的诺贝尔奖科学奖授予了女性。Of course, it has little to do with the stereotype that “women are bad at science”. In fact, a study found that nearly half of the “highly qualified” scientists and engineers in the US are women. However, they normally leave the industry in less than 10 years because “they’re often the only women on a project team or on a work site, among a macho culture that’s unfriendly and excludes them,” wrote Tara Weiss on Forbes.自然,这与“女性不擅于科学”的偏见涉及。实际上,一项科学研究寻找,英国接近一半的“高质量”科学家及技术工程师全是女性。殊不知,这些人一般来说都是会在十年内离开该领域,由于“他们常常是团队或是工作中场所中的唯一女性,而这类大男人主义的文化艺术对女性并不友好往来,将他们敌对独自一人,”塔拉·斯托尼在《福布斯》杂志期刊上提到。

“Since so few are in the upper ranks, there aren’t female mentors to guide women through challenges and support them for promotions.”“因为没是多少女性位居高层住宅,也就没女性老师必须具体指导女性战胜困难,并在升职层面给予抵制。”May 24 marks the 40th anniversary of the phrase “glass ceiling”. Even though the ceiling is still there, things are changing. As Hillary Clinton said in 2008 after she failed her first presidential bid, “Although we weren’t able to break that highest, hardest glass ceiling this time, thanks to you, it’s got about 18 million cracks in it and the light is shining through like never before, filling us all with the hope and the sure knowledge that the path will be a little easier next time.”2020年的5月24日是“玻璃天花板”这一语句明确指出的40周年节日。虽然玻璃天花板依然不会有,但一切已经再次出现变化。如同川普·尼克松在其初次总统选举输给后所言,“尽管大家此次没法超过那最少、最为坚硬的玻璃天花板,但感谢大家,这一吊顶天花板上早就拥有1800万道缝隙。

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光辉不曾像如今那样黯淡,使我们满怀希望,坚信下一次这条路面将看起来更非常容易一些。”And with Zhang winning her award, one more crack has been added to the ceiling.而张弥曼本次获得了该奖,在哪个吊顶天花板上又多了一道缝隙。

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